How Surveying Plays A Role In Archaeological Research

If you've ever been curious about the role surveying plays in archaeological research, then this post is for you. This piece discusses the basic principles of archaeological surveying and how it helps archaeologists to do their jobs. Scroll down to find out more!

What Is Archaeological Surveying?

Archaeological surveying is a method used to locate, document and map archaeological sites. This process involves measuring distances and angles between points on the ground using specialised equipment such as total stations or GPS receivers. These measurements are then used to create accurate maps that show site features such as walls, buildings and other artefacts.

What Is the Goal of Archaeological Surveying?

The primary goal of archaeological surveying is to accurately record and document an area so that archaeologists can better understand how the site was occupied in the past. This data can be used to determine how people interacted with their environment or even how they might have used certain resources such as water or land.

How Does It Help Archaeologists?

By combining the data collected during a survey with other evidence, such as artefacts found at the site, archaeologists can begin to piece together stories about the people who once lived there — their lives and their culture — and gain valuable insights into history. Additionally, survey data can be used to help protect important historical sites by creating boundaries around them so they may be preserved for future generations to learn from and enjoy.

It also helps archaeologists better understand the layout of an area, which can help them identify important features like burial sites or other significant cultural areas. Additionally, this data can also help researchers understand changes over time by comparing different surveys from different time periods.

The information from a survey may also help the archaeologist to plan which areas they wish to target during future digs and excavations so they can continue to learn about past cultures and societies.


Hopefully, this post has given you a better understanding of what role surveyors play in archaeology research and why it matters so much. Surveyors provide valuable information that helps archaeologists piece together stories about the past — stories that would otherwise remain unknown without their work. So next time you hear someone discussing archaeology research, don't forget to thank those surveyors whose hard work makes it all possible. If you would like to find out more about archaeological research surveying, contact a professional.